20th Century Chair Design: Frank Lloyd Wright

Frank Lloyd Wright

Wrights chair designs where very different to the European Modernists. Instead of making standardised, functional furniture he designed each piece of furniture for the individual project. Wright thought of the furniture as an extension of the building and therefore attempted to integrate parts and forms of its surrounding environment, reflecting its origin and creating harmony and unity.

Wright believed that ornamentation was an essential expression of creative imagination, which produces “natural patterns to structure itself.” In both architecture and furniture he was preoccupied with geometric forms and strong intersecting planes. The furniture was ‘architectonic’ in that it was architectural in character.Wright’s built-in furniture harmonised with the materials and scale of interiors. The free-standing furniture, when arranged as a group, could create an intimate, secondary space within a room.

A good example of how he used repetition and integrated design elements to create unity in his work is the Peacock chair. Wright used hexagons in the back and sides of the chairs base which could also be seen all around the building that tit was designed for. For example the hexagons where in the ceilings, on the walls, and even the coffee set. Wright integrated these elements by the use of repletion of the hexagon and the overall design which created unity  throughout the entire building.

Wright was known for creating unity in his designs by integrating each detail of a building from its form to the furniture, lighting and structure within. In this way he would make a complete work compared to a miss match of elements.

http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/f/frank-lloyd-wright/

http://www.thefranklloydwrighttour.com/apps/blog/categories/show/1260349-frank-lloyd-wright-furniture

http://www.design-museum.de/en/collection/100-masterpieces/detailseiten/peacock-chair-frank-lloyd-wright.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Lloyd_Wright

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