Arne Jacobsen was both an architect and a designer. He teamed with Fritz Hansen to create furniture, namely chairs and lounges, Jacobsen designing and Fritz creating. Together they cemented their names in history with the ANT™ in 1952.
The Ant™ was originally designed for the canteen at Novo Nordisk (Danish healthcare company), Fritz at the time was not convinced of the chairs potential and the ANT™ was almost just another prototype. The ANT™ as succeeded by the Series 7™ (4 legs rather than 3) in 1955.
Jacobsen went on to design the Royal Hotel in Copenhagen (the worlds first designer hotel) in the late 1950’s, this project paved the way for the creation of the Egg™, the Swan™, the Swan™ Sofa and the Series 3300™. Three key pieces that would go on to become icons in furniture history and design. His inspiration for the curved chairs came from the bent plywood of Charles and Ray Eames.
The Egg™ and the Swan™ were Jacobsen’s opportunity to put his theories of integrated design and architecture into practice. No straight lines, only curves. A moulded shell of synthetic material on an aluminium star swivel base, with a layer of cold foam covering the shell upholstered in fabric or leather (reference http://www.arne-jacobsen.com/en/arne-jacobsen/designs). Both these designs originated in Jacobsen’s garage at his home in Klampenborg (north of Copenhagen). These designs are still in production at Fritz Hansen.
Although Arne Jacobsen will always be remembered for his simplistic but highly effective furniture design, Arne never used the word ‘designer’, notoriously disliking it. He was first and foremost an architect.